Common Knee Injuries and their Treatment

The knee is the most articulate joint of the human body, and the one that most often suffers injuries. Orthopaedic surgeons use a variety of methods to treat knee injuries. The most common method is RICE: rest, ice, compression and elevation. Rest the knee by not putting load on it, or by walking with the support of crutches; apply Ice to control the edema (swelling); use an elastic Compression bandage on it tightly, but not so tight as to cause pain; and finally, keep the knee elevated.

You should consult an orthopedist if you have the following symptoms in the knees. If you hear a click in his knee at the time of injury; if you have severe pain; if you cannot move the knee; if it begins to limp; or if swelling continues when it is hurt.

When changing direction quickly, if it starts to slow down during a run, or a fall after a jump, you can have a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. The athletes who play basketball and skiing, and athletes who use tennis with studs, as is the case of footballers, are more likely to suffer ACL injuries. Posterior cruciate ligament injuries are usually caused by a blow to the front of the knee or by the leg landing badly during a vigorous game. Usually when people talk about the rupture of ligaments, they are usually talking about a meniscus tear. This type of injury is very common in athletes (especially football players). The meniscus is a strong cartilage, with a consistency that resembles rubber, and acts as a shock absorber, similar to what happens with car bumpers. The collapse of the meniscus may occur when running on the knee when making a dribble, in the slowing down during a race, or in being tackled (as in rugby). In this type of injury there is usually direct contact between two people while practicing a sport.

If you have pain or persistent edema (swelling), a surgical procedure known as knee arthroscopy may help relieve these symptoms and resolve the problem. Arthroscopy allows orthopedic surgeons to diagnose and treat pathologies of the knee, as it shows the inside of the knee through small incisions using an instrument the size of a pencil, called arthroscopy. The lens allows the transmission of an image of your knee through a small camera to a television monitor. The image allows the orthopaedist to examine in detail the inside of the knee, and determine the cause of the problem. During this procedure, the orthopedic surgeon can insert surgical instruments through small incisions in the knee, so as to remove or repair damaged structures. With the development of arthroscopes, this procedure has become increasingly effective, both for accurate diagnosis and effective way to treat the pathologies of the knee.

For many years, many doctors have been interested in the possibility of being able to observe natural cavities of the human body, but while some were easily exploitable (eg the mouth), others require special equipment not available at the time (eg stomach and bladder).

Lawrence Reaves encourages readers to visit for information on knee care and this page for advice on hip replacement and surgery.

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